Works of Austrian Artists Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele
Egon Schiele, 1918.
Egon Schiele (1890-1918)
Egon Schiele was born in Tulln, Lower Austria.
Otto Weininger published Geschlecht und Charakter (Sex and Character). He described that all people are a mixture of the male and female substance, and defined the male aspect as being active, moral and logical, while the female part passive, amoral and alogical.
Schiele was admitted to Akademie der bildenden Künste (Academy of Fine Arts) in Vienna, becoming its youngest student.
Schiele met Gustav Klimt for the first time. The two later developed a close relationship.
Gustav Klimt and his supporters organized the first Kunstschau (Art Show) as a survey of contemporary Austrian art. Schiele was influenced by Klimt’s paintings at the exhibition.
Schiele was invited by Klimt to exhibit in the second Kunstschau, in which he was also exposed to important international artistic influences. He also exhibited at a commercial gallery with several fellow students, as a self-styled Neukunstgruppe (New Art Group). In this year he resigned from the Academy and started his independent professional career.
Schiele moved to Krumau (present-day Cesky Krumlove in Czechoslovakia) with Wally Neuzil, his model and girlfriend. His regular encounters with naked female models were considered immoral, and Schiele was finally forced to live the town. He then moved to Neulengbach with Wally.
Schiele was arrested in Neulengbach, initially charged with abduction and seduction of a girl below the age of consent. He was ultimately convicted of offending ‘public morality’ by displaying exotic drawings in a place accessible to children and was sentenced to twenty-four days in prison.
The First World War broke out. For the following four years during the war, artistic life in Vienna was virtually paralyzed.
Schiele married Edith Harms. He was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian army, but not transferred to the front.
Schiele organized a Secession show in Vienna, in which he was the absolute standout, and the show received almost universal favourable comments. Later this year, Edith succumbed to and died of Spanish influenza. Three days later, Schiele died of the same disease.