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Our Principal Timeline, with over 400 entries, includes relevant social and political events including the establishment of museums, art institutions, art criticism practices, government policies and shifts in financial or educational sectors.

Use the magnifying glass icons at the top right to expand or compress the timeline. The small blue boxes at the bottom indicate which entries are shown. Click on the entries to learn more about the

Selected Bibliography


Bryson, Normal et al., Inside Out: New Chinese Art. New York, San Francisco, Berkeley: Asia Society Galleries, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, The University of California Press,   1998.

Liu, Runhe, and  Y. W. Lau. A History of the Municipal Councils of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Leisure and Cultural Services Department, 2002.

Cheung, Gary Ka-wai. Hong Kong’s Watershed: The 1967 Riots. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2009. Accessed February 16, 2021.

Li, Kui-wai. Economic Freedom: Lessons of Hong Kong. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd. Accessed February 16, 2021.

Sussman, Nan M. Return Migration and Identity: A Global Phenomenon, A Hong Kong Case. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2010. Accessed February 17, 2021.

Louie, Kam, ed. Hong Kong Culture: Word and Image. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2010. Accessed February 16, 2021.

Snyder, Vivian. “The Effect Course-Based Reading Strategy Training on the Reading Comprehension Skills of Developmental College Students.” Research and Teaching in Developmental Education, vol. 18, no. 2, Spring 2002, pp. 37-41. JSTOR,

Cheng, Yin Cheong, et al. “Arts Education Policy (July 1996).” In Handbook on Educational Policy in Hong Kong (1965-1998). Hong Kong: Centre for Research and International Collaboration, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 1995.


Cheng, Tong-Yung. “Hong Kong: A Classical Growth Model. A Survey of Hong Kong Industrialization 1948-68.” Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 104, 1970, pp. 138-58. JSTOR:

Qin, Qin. “A Waning Queerscape: The Hong Kong Lesbian and Gay Film Festival.” Journal of Film and Video 71, no. 3, 2019, pp. 35-49. JSTOR:

Clayton, David. “Labour–Intensive Industrialization in Hong Kong, 1950–70: A Note on Sources and Methods.” Asia Pacific Business Review, 12:3, 2006, pp. 375-388. DOI: 10.1080/13602380600601539.

Cheng, Kai-ming, et al. “Advancing 21st Century Competencies in Hong Kong.” Asia Society Center for Global Education, 2017.

Scott, Ian. “Bridging the Gap: Hong Kong Senior Civil Servants and the 1966 Riots.” The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 45:1, 2017, pp. 131-148. DOI: 10.1080/03086534.2016.1227030

Whitebread, Richard Guy. “Cultural and Arts Education Policies in Hong Kong: Two Wings of the Same Bird?” PhD Diss., The Education University of Hong Kong, 2016.

Ou, Dongshu. “Education for all: Quasi-experimental estimates of the impacts of compulsory primary education in Hong Kong.” Asia Pacific Education Review 14, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s12564-013-9271-z.

Chan, al. “In the mood for ink: How the City Art Gallery shaped our perception of New Ink as the mainstream ‘Hong Kong Art’ from the late sixties to early seventies and its political connotations.” Retrieved from City University of Hong Long, CityU Institutional Repository, 2015.